Whether we use technology to enhance our lives or to disrupt our social hierarchies, it is important to understand how it affects us. Technology has shaped society in many ways, from the creation of the wheel to the Internet.
Technology drives innovation, invention, and improvements in everyday life. Moreover, it shapes and reflects our culture. Technology is a complex social enterprise. Its impact on society is measurable and must be assessed to determine whether it is good or bad.
Technology can be defined as the science and art of combining resources, including tools, materials, and processes. It can also refer to the state of a field’s knowledge. The word technology was first used by Harvard Business Review to define information technology. It includes everything from raw materials and labor to research, design, management, and marketing.
The field of science and technology in society covers the effects of technology on society and the public. It includes the impact of new technologies on the environment. During the 1970s, the environmental impact of new technologies was often criticized. Moreover, technology can be used to facilitate political oppression.
In addition, technology provides a basis for improving the past. It can also be used to provide direction to science.
Technology is also important for addressing practical problems. For instance, new technologies such as quantum computers and smart cities are being developed. These technologies are expected to drive market growth over the next few years.
New technologies also pose new ethical questions. Many technological processes generate unwanted by-products. They may also harm individuals or groups.