What Is Technology?


Technology is the application of knowledge to solve problems and create new things. It includes the techniques and tools of science, engineering, mathematics, linguistics, history, and other disciplines to achieve practical results. It often involves a process of iteration and experimentation.

The development of technology usually depends on an understanding of the needs and desires of humans. It is therefore sometimes called “appropriate technology”. The development of appropriate technology may require a substantial investment in time, energy, money, and resources. It can also raise concerns about the effects of technology on society, the environment, and people.

For example, the use of digital cameras has deprioritized the analogue photography pathway and its behaviors—such as inefficient, but gratifying, work in darkrooms. These changes are not inherently good or bad, but they reflect the fact that different technologies prioritize certain routes and ends over others.

1. Lifestyle: From shopping online to have items delivered directly to one’s doorstep to joining friends for a meeting in a remote location using a social app, to booking flights and hotels around the world from one’s smartphone, many aspects of life have become easier thanks to technology.

2. Business: From the use of cloud based platforms to help companies remain connected to remote workforces, to the emergence of Sci-Fi inspired devices for rapid medical examinations, technology has touched businesses of all sizes and scopes.

The use of technology can result in new opportunities for growth and expansion, as well as the reshaping of company models. It can also be used to streamline business processes and increase productivity. However, there is also the potential for technology to create or destroy jobs, depending on its implementation and misuse.